Romance, prestige or a way of demonstrating tenure? The meaning of the engagement ring has changed over time, as has its design, grandeur and monetary worth. What are the latest trends in ring design and, most importantly, who has the biggest diamond?
Hidden in a fortune cookie, dropped in a champagne glass or presented in a velvet box on one knee - the only thing that can be more exciting than the proposal is the ring itself! An engagement ring is more than a glitzy piece of jewellery, it symbolises a promise of fidelity and commitment to another person in marriage1, and it has done so for centuries.
A brief history
The ancient Egyptians are said to have been the first people to wear wedding rings2, 3, 4. As the circle of the ring's band did not have an end or a start, it symbolised eternity and therefore the eternal bond of the two lovers5. The ring, just like today, was placed on the fourth finger of the left hand as the Egyptians believed that this finger had the 'vena amoris' (the vein of love)6, which was linked directly to the heart. The ancient Romans are also thought to have used customary iron rings that signified the lasting nature of the engagement and also the closing of the marriage deal3, 7.
The diamond, with its first recorded appearance in India in 800BC6, is traditionally used in modern engagement rings. The word 'diamond' is etymologically linked to the classical Greek word adamas8, meaning 'unbreakable' or 'invincible', and so the gemstone commonly symbolises 'steadfast love'.
The first known usage of a diamond engagement ring was in 1477 when Archduke Maximillian of Austria gave Mary of Burgundy a gold ring in the imperial court of Vienna6, 9. The ring was set with diamonds that spelt out the letter 'M'4.
Diamonds are a girl's best friend
When it comes to choosing a perfect diamond engagement ring that will be treasured forever, it's important to pay attention to the four C's - colour, cut, clarity and carat. These terms will come in handy when you're gazing at the glamorous jewels in stores such as Tiffany's or Cartier.
Clarity is determined by the size and number of inclusions (internal) or blemishes (external) in or on a diamond. The higher the number of inclusions and blemishes, and the larger they are, depreciates the value of the diamond as they may interfere with the dispersion of light10.
Carat refers to the weight of the diamond. The larger the diamond the more carats it will have. A carat is equivalent to 200 milligrams10.
The traditional colour of a diamond on an engagement ring is white because it's a neutral colour; however, coloured diamonds are becoming increasingly fashionable.
The cut of a diamond dictates its brilliance by enabling it to maximise the amount of light that enters it11. The cut measures symmetry and the facets, and can range from shallow to deep. The cut may be marquise, oval, pear, round, heart, trilliant, princess, radiant, emerald or baguette.
Breaking the rules of engagement rings
From the conventional solitaire style to a wide variety of gemstones and designs, engagement rings are no longer a one size fits all. Current trends are showing that women are increasingly opting for unconventional rings that complement their individuality and exclusive taste.
Never go out of fashion: vintage-style rings such as heirlooms or ones in the art deco style are becoming increasingly popular12.
Dare to be different: many brides-to-be are daring to be different with unconventional gemstones. Although white diamonds are the usual suspects for engagement rings, other popular ones include gemstones like beryl, rubies, emeralds and sapphires12 - the most famous of which is Lady Di's engagement ring, given to Kate Middleton by Prince William13.
Singular stones: just as the traditional white diamond is being thrown out with the bouquet so is the traditional round-cut diamond. Ladies in love are opting for other diamond cuts including marquise, pear, cushion and emerald cut14.
Draped in diamonds: Why have a single diamond when you can have 10! Bejewelled brides-to-be are choosing rings with centrepiece diamonds encircled by smaller stones12.
The dearest diamonds in exclusive engagements
No precious stone was left unturned for these celebrities and dazzling divas! Their boyfriends let the world know just how precious they were with a very expensive public display of affection with these exceptionally valuable rings! The allure of a pricey ring has let them lay claim to some of the most expensive engagement rings in the world.
- The world's most expensive engagement ring was sold in April 2013 for US$9.49 million to Graff Diamonds, a prestigious jewellery house named after Laurence Graff, jewel collector extraordinaire. The Blue Diamond Ring by Bvlgari features a 5.3-carat blue diamond that was crafted in 196515.
- In second place, Jay-Z's proposal to world-famous diva Beyonce Knowles involved an engagement ring valued at US$5 million16, 17. This 20-carat engagement ring has an 18-carat rectangular diamond in its centre. The ring was designed by Lorraine Schwartz, one of Beyonce's favourite jewellers16.
- Hotel heiress, Paris Hilton, comes in at third place with a 24-carat diamond engagement ring costing US$4.7 million from her former fiancée Paris Latsis, the son of a Greek tycoon16. The ring was designed by a private designer18.
- Songstress Mariah Carey was also the recipient of an extravagant engagement ring with a US$2.5 million price tag designed by jeweller Jacob Arabo16. The 17-carat diamond ring19 was given to her by American celebrity Nick Cannon and features 58 small pink diamonds surrounding a larger pink diamond in the ring's centre16.
- Socialite Kim Kardashian's 72-day engagement to basketball player Kris Humphries came with a US$2 million 20.5-carat diamond ring, also from jeweller Lorraine Schwartz16.
While your engagement ring or wedding band might not be as expensive as Beyonce's, its worth is equally significant. Looking after your precious belongings is made easier with home and contents insurance. Get a quote with Allianz today!