EU energy label for tyres

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Energy efficiency labels for tyres implemented across Europe in late 2012 are helping European consumers choose safe, efficient and noise-reducing tyres for their vehicles. Find out how efficient tyres can impact cost, driveability, and the environment.

In November 2012, the energy efficiency label for tyres was introduced in Europe help consumers choose tyres. The labels encourage tyre manufacturers to improve their products to gain better ratings on these labelsi to meet consumer desire for better products.

The EU energy efficient label for tyres illustrates the fuel efficiency, wet grip and external rolling noise of the tyre.

Similar to energy efficiency labels already seen on a variety of whitegoods including fridges and dishwashers, the tyre labels indicate tyre efficiency through a ranking system. The tyres are ranked from Red G to Green A where A is the best rating. The labels specifically notify consumers about the fuel efficiency, wet grip and external rolling noise of the tyreii. These measurements are important in determining the total impact of the tyres on the vehicle, the environment and the community.

Fuel efficiency is calculated in direct correlation to the tyre's rolling resistance. Rolling resistance can be defined as the amount of effort required to roll a tyre with a given loadiii. The heavier the load, the more effort required for the tyres to roll and ultimately, and the more fuel is used to power the vehicle. A tyre with reduced rolling resistance therefore consumes less petrolii as it does not require additional effort to roll, especially with heavier loads.

Fuel efficiency is important for both drivers and the motor industry. According to German company, Lanxess, tyres account for approximately 20 to 30 per cent of a passenger vehicle's fuel consumptioniv. Energy efficient tyres can lead to an improved fuel economy for vehicles, saving the driver money and reducing the use of fossil fuel.

A tyre with good wet grip requires less distance to come to a full stop when full brakes are applied.

Wet grip is the tyre's braking ability on wet roads. A tyre with good wet grip requires less distance to come to a full stop when full brakes are applied. In the EU tyre labelling system, tyres that deliver the shortest braking distance are A and the longest Fv.

External rolling noise refers to the noise created by the movement of the tyre. A tyre with a lower external rolling noise reduces noise pollution in communitiesii. The symbol used on the energy efficiency tyre label illustrates the level of noise that the tyre produces, with one black wave being the lowest and three representing a high noise level. The number of decibels (dB) is also specified on the labelvi.

Although these labels are not currently available in Australia, you can improve the efficiency of your tyres by ensuring they have the recommended air pressure, which will allow them to roll more easily. Not only will this reduce your vehicle's carbon footprint but will also extend the life of your tyresvii.

iEuropean Commission, FAQs, viewed 14 March 2014,

iiEuropean Commission, The EU Energy label for tyres – questions and answers, viewed 14 March 2014,

iiiMichelin, MICHELIN Technical Tip: Tyre Rolling Resistance And Fuel Economy, viewed 14 March 2014,

ivDang, A 2011, 'Rolling out the 'green' tyre for fuel economy and sustainability', Manufacturers' Monthly, 9 November, viewed 14 March 2014,

vDunlop, Wet Grip, viewed 14 March 2014,

viDunlop, External Noise, viewed 14 March 2014,

viiRockdale City Council, What Can We Do - Energy Efficiency at Home, viewed 14 March 2014,